Height increase operation in case of achondroplasia
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Description of the disease
Achondroplasia is a congenital disease of musculoskeletal system of a generalized nature, accompanied by disproportionality of the body and stunting (the shortness of height may reach 30-40 centimeters compared to normal height).
If your child has a similar diagnosis, don’t be discouraged Thanks to the rapid development of medicine and the advent of innovative technologies, it is quite possible to correct the pathology with help of surgical treatment and use of special devices.
Surgical operations aimed to increase height in case of achondroplasia work best if started at the age of 6-7 years. In childhood, surgery is usually well tolerated and is almost not accompanied by complications, and the body quickly adapts to changes.
Height increase operation at Ladisten Clinic
minimally invasive – allows to minimize traumatizing of the body and avoid bleeding;
good cosmetic effect – doesn’t leave large scars;
quick rehabilitation – after 2-3 weeks the patient can return to normal lifestyle;
high performance – in 98% of cases it is possible to get good and excellent results.
The peculiarities of treatment according to the method of Vitaliy Veklich
In the treatment of the effects of achondroplasia, doctors of Ladisten clinic use Veklich patented devices, which are an improved version of Ilizarov device. Their impact is based on the method of limb lengthening developed by Ilizarov and improved by Veklich. The construction allows to keep to the basic principle that the clinic staff is guided by – “do no harm”. Thanks to the minimally traumatic operation with stretching the limbs with help of the device, it is possible to achieve the maximum possible result and prevent serious complications.
After using Ilizarov device, noticeable scars were left from surgical incisions and from a large number of spokes. The wounds also were healing for a long time and often became infected, which, in turn, led to pain, emergence of muscle contracture and development of osteomyelitis. Now these problems can be avoided.
The principles of treatment of achondroplasia according to the methodics of Dr. Veklich
bloodlessness and rapidity during installation;
lack of noticeable scars;
light weight and hemispherical shape (in contrast to the classic triangular), which helps to minimize discomfort when wearing;
hypoallergenicity – the absence of allergic reactions;
the ability to bear large body weight of patients;
minimum number of spokes that may injure soft tissues;
high treatment effectiveness.
The doctors of the clinic specify the construction of the device individually for each patient, with the characteristics of the diagnosis, age, body proportions and height peculiarities being taken into account.
Stages of treatment of achondroplasia at Ladisten clinic
If you only lower limbs are lengthened, then the disproportionality of the body increases. Therefore, simultaneously with the legs and hips, the shoulder segment should be also lengthened.
At Ladisten Clinic, the increase of height in case of dwarfism is performed in 6 stages which are divided in two.
At the age of 4-6 years, the first 3 stages are carried out:
at the first stage, the anticnemions are lengthened by 6 centimeters;
at the second stage, the hips are lengthened by 7-8 centimeters;
at the third stage, the shoulders are lengthened by 5 centimeters.
At 14-15 years, the following 3 stages begin:
at the fourth stage, the anticnemions are lengthened by 6 centimeters;
at the fifth stage, the hips are lengthened by 6-7 centimeters;
at the sixth stage lengthen the shoulders by 5 centimeters.
The duration of each stage is 5-6 months. Between them a 2-3-month break is made.
How is the operation of height increase in case of achondroplasia is carried out
The anesthetic is chosen for each patient individually, taking into account the characteristics of the body.
The surgeon cuts a bone through a small hole (1-2 mm), after which he fixes bone fragments using an external fixation device.
The duration of the operation on both limbs is 1 hour 20 minutes.
The process of limb lengthening
The limbs are lengthened by distraction, that is, bone stretching. The lengthening begins 10 days after surgery. During one day, the length of the limb increases by a millimeter. Accordingly, the duration of the procedure will depend on how much the bone needs to be lengthened. Usually the process takes 50-70 days. Every 3-6 weeks, X-rays are taken to monitor the effectiveness of the correction.
When the expected limb length is reached, the distraction process is stopped and transferred to consolidation – bone knitting. The duration of this stage depends on the rate of the lengthening and regenerative abilities of the patient’s body. It is approximately 2 times longer than the stage of bone stretching.
Removal of the device
Before removing the device, a test is made. To do this, fixation of the corrective device is weakened and the patient is able to walk for 2-3 hours. Then an X-ray photograph is taken, on the basis of the results of which the attending doctor makes a decision on the removal of the device. The procedure takes no more than 10-20 minutes, and after that the patient can return home or stay in the clinic for rehabilitation.
During rehabilitation, it is necessary to gradually increase the load on the legs and do therapeutic exercises to strengthen the muscles.
Sometimes our little patients and their parents get together
We will help to choose a convenient time for you to give us a visit or hold an online consultation during which we will examine your problem and answer all questions.
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THE OPERATION IS NEEDED
The operation is aimed at eliminating deformities and lengthening the limb, which helps to increase height and reduce disproportions between the body and the limbs. As a result, the functional capabilities of a person and the quality of his or her life increase.
The founder of “Ladisten” medical center of orthopedics and traumatology Veklich Vitaliy Viktorovich is a surgeon in the field of orthopedics and traumatology for children and adults who has been practicing for more than 35 years. Author of the modified external fixation devices – the Veklich devices.
To assess the state of the patient’s bone tissue, an X-ray is taken. After receiving the results of diagnostic tests, the doctor chooses a treatment plan and gives a consultation. He answers the questions of the patient (or his/her parents, if the treatment is carried out for the child), voices the price, tells about the predicted results and possible complications, agrees on the date of the surgical procedure. It is advisable to arrive at the medical center 2-3 days before the appointed date of the operation, which allows the patient to take all needed tests, prepare psychologically, and consult with the anesthesiologist.
Final treatment results
As a result of the treatment, it is possible to lengthen the hips by 13-15, the anticnemions by 12, and the shoulders by 10 centimeters, increasing the overall height by 25-27 centimeters. If the average height of small people is 125-130 cm, after all operations it can reach 150-160 cm. The patient acquires normal physiological capabilities. It becomes possible to him or her to reach the handrails or to look through the spy hole of the door. Further degradation of other organs stops, the psycho-emotional state is comfortable and complexes disappear.