разница между артрозом и артритом

According to WHO estimates, it is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide

Osteoarthrosis includes a large group of diseases. According to WHO estimates, it is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. Therefore, the treatment of deforming arthrosis is one of the priority tasks of modern medicine. The specialists of Ladisten Clinic have been treating deforming arthrosis for more than 30 years.

The complexity of the disease consists in the fact that it is often confused with arthritis. But the treatment of these diseases is different.

Arthrosis and arthritis – what is it?

Osteoarthroses, or arthroses, occupy a separate niche in the International Classification of Diseases. In the ICD-10 they are presented under the numbers M15-M19. Arthritides of various etiologies are not distinguished as a separate group, even though there are more than 200 varieties of them. In foreign medical literature they are often combined with osteoarthroses. As a result, confusion occurs. However, the diseases are different, as well as the methods of treatment of arthritis and arthrosis.

Arthrosis (deforming arthrosis, osteoarthrosis) is the injury of cartilage and articular surfaces which leads to the destruction of the joint and affects the musculoskeletal system.

Arthritis is an inflammatory process caused by infection, impairment of the immune system and metabolic disorders. The disease goes beyond the musculoskeletal system, affecting the internal organs.

Cartilage tissue is affected in both cases. Therefore, arthrosis and arthritis are manifested by similar symptoms.

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Cartilage tissue is affected in both cases. Therefore, arthrosis and arthritis are manifested by similar symptoms

The differences between arthrosis and arthritis

Age of patients

  • Arthrosis – develops after 60-65 years due to cartilage wear
  • Arthritis – middle-aged and young people (25-40 years). Juvenile arthritis is also distinguished separately

Causes

  • Arthrosis – excess load on the joints, congenital disorders
  • Arthritis – infection, metabolic disorders, salt deposition in the joints

Risk group

  • Arthrosis – older people. Athletes, employees of enterprises whose work involves constant carrying of heavy loads, people having excess weight
  • Arthritis – children aged 7-14, women over 60 years old, patients with severe infections and autoimmune diseases (e.g. psoriasis)

Symptoms

  • Arthrosis – crepitus in the joints, severe pain during movement or strain on the musculoskeletal system. Disappear at rest
  • Arthritis – stiffness of movements after waking up, sharp pain in the joints even in calm state. Joints swell and become “hot” to the touch

Acute symptoms

  • Arthrosis – the joint “hardens” due to the formation of bone overgrowths, a person can’t move his or her arm, leg, fingers
  • Arthritis – high temperature – 38-39 degrees, conjunctivitis develops, a person is suffering from breakdown and fever

Affected areas

  • Arthrosis – joints, cartilages, the space between the bones
  • Arthritis – joints, bones, internal organs

Blood examination (CBC) rates

  • Arthrosis – don’t change
  • Arthritis – ESR and white blood cells level increase

Some dangerous types

  • Arthrosis – Advanced stages of the disease are considered the most dangerous. Arthrosis of the 3rd or 4th stage can completely immobilize a person making him or her disabled
  • Arthritis – Rheumatism – an inflammation of the connective tissue. It can be a cause of complications in the kidneys and heart; Gout – disorders of metabolism of the uric acid. It is a state when salts are accumulated in the joints; Rheumatoid arthritis – a chronic inflammatory process with severe consequences for internal organs.

Arthrosis and arthritis significantly reduce the quality of life. They need to be diagnosed and treated timely. At Ladisten Clinic, it is possible to perform comprehensive diagnostics of diseases of the musculoskeletal system using modern equipment.

Prevention and treatment of arthritis and arthrosis

Timely prevention can reduce the risk of development of diseases. The main measures include:

  • Therapeutic exercise;
  • Taking of vitamins and mineral complexes;
  • Following a diet and weight correction;
  • Even distribution of load on the joints.

During infectious diseases, extra attention should be paid to the joints in order to prevent the development of complications.

The treatment of arthritis and arthrosis is different

In case of arthritis, various drugs are selected:

  • anti-allergic,
  • anti-inflammatory,
  • antibacterial and others.

To relieve pain, painkillers are used, these can be in form of creams and ointments. For the treatment of arthrosis, three options are recommended by OARSI (Osteoarthritis Research Society International):

  1. Medicament therapy;
  2. Medicine-free treatment;
  3. Surgical operations.

The first two methods work in the early stages. Medicines used for the treatment of arthrosis don’t always have a lasting effect, they are more likely to relieve symptoms but they can’t restore cartilage and joint. Therefore, with a complex course of deforming arthrosis osteotomy is indicated. It has a lifelong effect:

  • helps to get rid of the unpleasant symptoms forever;
  • eliminates the very cause of arthrosis – the deformed cartilage.

Osteotomy is a minor surgical procedure. The operation at Ladisten is characterized by:

  • Minimal invasiveness and bloodlessness (incisions don’t exceed 3-4 mm);
  • Lack of ugly scars;
  • Lifetime effect;
  • Use of modern unique technology;
  • Lack of dangerous spokes during treatment;
  • Reduced risk of complications.

During therapy, the joint is being fixed using the patented device designed by Dr. Veklich. In the world, operations performed on European level using this technique are carried out only in Ukraine. Already more than 6,000 patients from different countries have used the opportunity to get rid of arthrosis forever. If you understood how arthrosis differs from arthritis and you suspect that you have the first symptoms, you need to visit a doctor urgently to carry out the diagnostics and ensure timely treatment.

Just make an appointment if you want to find out the exact diagnosis you can call the numbers:

 +38 (044) 209 80 54  +38 (067) 794 46 86

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