Varus deformity (bow legs): symptoms, diagnostics, treatment


Straight legs are the dream of every girl and the standard for men. Unfortunately, nature doesn’t give beauty to everyone; splay knees are a quite common defect. A lot of people live with this successfully, they don’t worry and don’t consider this a disadvantage. Self-confidence is a great quality. But the doctors claim that varus deformity (bow legs) can strike a blow to the health of the whole organism, not just one’s self-esteem.

The modern clinic of cosmetic orthopedics and traumatology Ladisten has successfully coped with genu varum deformity by treating patients from 36 countries all over the world, and continues to help people.

Varus deformity (the pathology of bow legs): general information

If a person is standing straight, normally both legs should touch each other. There are three main points: knees, feet and lower legs. They should close up forming three spaces. This situation is considered normal. If the feet touch each other and the knees not, we are talking about genu varum. Such position of the legs is referred to as splay knees. Sometimes, the pathology is slightly noticeable as the angle of deflection is small. This does not cause aesthetic problems but can affect health.

Causes of the pathology

Varus deformity (the pathology of bow legs) is a consequence of such factors:

  • genetic predisposition. In some cases, splay knees are given to a person from his or her parents;
  • early walking. Parents are always happy if the child begins to walk early. Unfortunately, this can lead to defects because the musculoskeletal system is still weak, it doesn’t bear the load and the knee joints are deformed;
  • excess weight. All the same load on the joints;
  • injuries and diseases of the spine.
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Симптомы варусной деформации нижних конечностей

О наличии варусной стопы, коленей или голени свидетельствуют следующие признаки:

  • физиологически неправильная установка стоп при ходьбе, характеризующаяся опорой на внешнюю часть и варусным положением стоп, когда наблюдается сведение носков и разведение пяток;
  • искривление ног с появлением О-образного просвета под коленями, при сведенных вместе стопах;
  • неуверенная походка, сопровождающаяся падениями;
  • неравномерное истирание подошвы обуви с большим износом внешней стороны.

О наличии варусной деформации нижних конечностей у детей свидетельствует малоподвижность ребенка, нежелание долго бегать или ходить, а у людей старшего возраста – боли в ногах при длительной нагрузке.

При наличии любого из этих симптомов нужно обязательно пройти обследование у ортопеда.

How to identify it
Diagnostics of varus deformity

The first diagnostics take place during a personal visit to the orthopedist. The signs of genu varum are visible to the naked eye, it is enough to bring your legs together and stand straight. But the pathology may turn out to be false, so an X-ray is done, then the degree of deflection and the internal position of the bones are assessed. Additionally, a footprint is made and, using special calculations, the degree of load on the joints and the possibility of further development of the defect are determined. Only after a full examination the doctor can confirm the diagnosis of varus deformity (bow legs).

Is it possible to live with it?
As with any pathology, you can live with splay knees

If the degree of deflection is insignificant, it causes only psychological discomfort and may not show any consequences for life. Only with age a person notices changes. It becomes difficult to walk, arthrosis develops.

What the future holds

Significant degree of varus deformity (bow legs) is a real problem. Leaving aside the moments of beauty and psychology, genu varum reduces physical ability, causes regular fatigue and influences the entire musculoskeletal system, affecting the ligaments and muscles. They weaken and stretch – as a result, there is no passion in one’s life anymore.

Preventive measures
Exercise therapy, special training complex

Can help to combat varus deformity on early stages

Orthopedic shoes

Shoes that cover not only the foot, but also the lower legs. In practice, they have several disadvantages in terms of convenience and aesthetics.

Special correction devices

This method is in fact a way of conservative treatment.


An additional measure to prevent the development of varus deformity in toddlers and young children. If the child began to walk early, they support his or her musculoskeletal system, distributing the load on the joints.

Make an appointment to get a consultation right now!
Consultation can be online.


Our doctors use unique methods of treatment introduced by Veklich V.V.

Founder/Chief surgeon

The founder of “Ladisten” medical center of orthopedics and traumatology Veklich Vitaliy Viktorovich is a surgeon in the field of orthopedics and traumatology for children and adults who has been practicing for more than 40 years. Author of the modified external fixation devices – the Veklich devices.

Work experience: 40 years

Doctor of Medicine, anesthesiologist

Work experience: 27 years
Head doctor, orthopedic and traumatic surgeon

Head doctor of the Ladisten Clinic Medical Center, a professional certified surgeon in the field of pediatric and adult orthopedics and traumatology.

Work experience: 15 years

Если есть подозрение, что проявляется варусная деформация (даже при слегка развернутых в стороны коленях), следует обратиться к врачу. Диагноз варусной деформации ног (О-образная деформация) ставит вопрос о хирургическая операция. Как проводится подготовка:

  • Шаг первый. Запись на консультацию для получения консультации. Это можно сделать по телефону или онлайн.
  • Шаг второй. Рентгенологическое исследование и дополнительные обследования. Диагностика по результатам.

Определяется степень патологии, уточняется возможность оперативного лечения и составляется индивидуальный план лечения.

The post-operative period takes 2,5 – 3 months

В течение 3 недель после операции больной начинает все интенсивнее ходить, фиксирующий аппарат приобретает устойчивое положение. Костыли и ходунки больше не нужны. Через 2,5-3 месяца кости срастаются полностью. Полностью исчезает варусная деформация (патология искривления ног). Врачи снимают аппарат, на месте разрезов остаются минимальные шрамы – до 5 мм.


Our patients have become healthy, beautiful and full of energy with Ladisten Clinic


Vitaliy Viktorovich, I want to express an infinity of “thank yous” to you! I would like to thank you as a doctor - for your gifted hands, for your experience, for an excellent result. I also want to thank you as a person - for kindness, for understanding, for responsiveness, for sincerity, for uniqueness... I will never forget you and will always be grateful to you. Thanks to the best doctor, to the best team, to the best clinic!